How Original is The Last Supper?

Controversial extremely Controversial

The Last Supper’

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, an Italian mastermind was born on April 15, 1452, in Florence. Leonardo Da Vinci a genius in myriad fields was among the top most creative personality who possessed superhuman intelligence. Da Vinci was a great Sculptor, Musician, Engineer, Scientist, Mathematician, Architect, Anatomist, Geologist, Botanist, Writer, and Cartographer and yes of course largely acknowledged as a Painter. The genius of Da Vinci is awe inspiring an artist of such high caliber has yet to be born again. Da Vinci perhaps more than any other figures that exemplified, and demonstrated the Renaissance humanist ideal in the most classic style. Leonardo has been measured, and often been described as the epitome or the essence of the Renaissance man. His insatiable curiosity, enthusiastically imaginative, and resourceful imagination is magnificent. Leonardo is broadly considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.

According to Marco Rosci, “that while there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of the world is essentially logical, rather than mysterious, and that the empirical methods he employed were unusual for his time”. Leonardo was educated in the studio of the prominent Florentine painter Verrocchio. Much of his earlier working life was spent in Milan. Later on, he worked in Venice, Rome, and Bologna; he spent his last years in France. Leonardo is renowned chiefly as a Painter. Among his works, the Mona Lisa is the most famous portrait and a charade in the world of arts, and The Last Supper is the most reproduced religious painting of all time.

The Last Supper


Leonardo Da Vinci’s painting ‘The Last Supper’ is perhaps the finest known examples of the High Renaissance Style, therefore, it is considered among the great Art Treasures of the world. Yet the painting as we know it today can in no way scrupulously be an original. Leonardo painted this masterpiece on the refectory wall of the monastery of Santa Maria delie Grazie, in Milan, between 1495 and1497. He worked at it in fits and starts, finally leaving it unfinished (the picture was largely unappreciated in its time). By 1517, the work had already been seriously damaged by environmental factors such as dust and dampness, and few years later the famous, and highly regarded Art Historian and a Painter Vasari referred to it as ‘merely mass of blots’. By the following century the monks who were also the inhabitants of the monastery lost all respect for the work, and broke a doorway through Christ’s legs. With the passage of time the painting continued to decay, in the year 1796, a Garrison of French Soldiers occupied the monastery and quartered their horses in the same area where the painting was. The French soldiers having no regard for the master piece whiled away their time taking target practice at Christ’s head.


 During the Second World War ‘The Last Supper’ was protected from bombing by piling sand bags around it. However, a bomb landed and exploded squarely on the monastery, demolishing, and de-structuring it badly. However, miraculously most of the area of the wall on which ‘The Last Supper’ was painted remained secured. Nevertheless, the previous abuse and the destruction more or less destroyed the painting. ‘The Last Supper’ that we see today is profoundly restored work, in which only the outlines, and few brush strokes are the originals by Leonardo Da Vinci. These outlines, and few brush strokes are good enough to define the Supreme work of the Maestro————Leonardo the Unforgettable


PS: For Comprehensive Reading consult Wikipedia



Jaeyea-Shauq sae Jaeyea

Jaeyea—Shauq sae Jaeyea
Hamay app ka bhi, abh pass nhi
Hamay Aass thee jin sae Milnae kee
Woo Ya’ha’n tu ham sae Milay nhi
Milai’n tu shayad milai’n wah’n
Jah’n Ass Pass koi Saath nhi.

Palkoo’n sae Namak chunty chunty
Aa baithay Iss Dourahay pae
Abh baat nahi kuch bantee
Garr Chuhb’hn na ho iss Seenay mae

Tum Khatae hoo, kae Gham hae Tumhay
Ik Shaks thaa joo, Tumhay Choor gaya
Abh pochoo ham sae Dunieya mae
Koi Shakhs thaa jiss nae Saath diya.

Kuch Pichlay dinoo’n kee baat hae yea
Mae Cha’ree jaese lagtee thee
Abh Aeena daikh kae Soch’tee hu’n
Yea Naree keu nahi Sajhtee hai

Soorajh ko Girhan lagh jata hae
Yeu hee Waqt sae Waqt, Takrata hae
Hamae Ass hae, ham Mayoos nahi
Joo Waqt nae Palta khya tu
Wahee Shaks Palat karr Ayea gaa
Jaeyea–Shauq sae Jaeyea—–


SULEIMAN 1 The MAGNIFICIENT (Establisher of Law )

SULEIMAN 1 the Magnificent Establisher of Law

The Magnificent Sultan SULEIMAN 1 of the Ottoman Empire, also known as the Kanuni, meaning the Establisher of Law, SULEIMAN 1 the Magnificent was born in the year 1494 AD. He was the only son of Sultan Selim 1, and great many ventures are recorded on his merit, he was a Great Conqueror as well. Suleiman 1, served as the Governor of Kaffa in the Crimea, and also at the Manisa before his entitlement as the Kanuni , in September, 1520, AD. After having conquered Belgrade in 1521 and, later Rhodes in 1522 he then defeated in 1526 the Hungarians at Mohacs. Subsequently, Suleiman incorporated the South Central portion of Hungry into his Splendid Empire. In addition to European Wars and Expeditions Suleiman waged three Campaigns’s against Persia, and thus Suleiman 1 subjugated the regions of Erzurum in Eastern Asia Minor , and then moved further and captured areas in Iraq, these incidents occurred between the years 1534 to 1535 AD. Suleiman 1 also occupied much of the surrounding locale around Lake Van by the end of 1549.

Among the major of Suleiman ‘s achievements the most noteworthy was the structure that was built under his personal vigilance of the Naval Strength for the Ottoman’s that later served as one of the Dominant Power in the Mediterranean Sea. Suleiman 1 the Magnificent, after his Golden Accomplishments proceeded further, and conquered Tripoli in North Africa in 1551, he strictly encouraged the efforts to adjust and make amendments in the complex structure of the Ottoman State, to its new circumstances, and for this particular reason was honored the Title of Kanuni (Establisher of Law) Suleiman1 the Magnificent not only under took Bold, and Courageous Military Campaign’s that enlarged his Superb Realm, but perpetually remained focused towards the development of what came later that is regarded as the most Characteristic achievements by Ottoman Civilization, specifically in the Pitch, and Fields of Law, Art, Literature, and Architecture. The Great and Nobel Conqueror and Establisher of Law and Justice Suleiman 1 the Magnificent, finally departed in 1566, near Szigetvar, Hungry.


Classic California ( The Golden State )

 Classic California

( A State on which Nature is Benevolent ) 

  California is the Largest State based on its Population of over 38 Million, and it is the Third Largest State behind Alaska and Texas by area. Initially the California Coast was explored by the Portuguese Explorer ‘Joao Rodriguez Cabrillo’ around the year 1542. Presently California is the most compactly inhabited state in the United States. The population of this Wonderful State exceeds, over 39 Million People, almost making it equivalent as the entire Country of Canada.  California is bordered to the north by Oregon, to the east by Nevada, to the southeast by Arizona, to the south by Mexico and the Pacific Ocean to the west, it is also known as the “Golden State.” And the Capital is Sacramento. Currently the California’s population according to the survey that was made in January, 2009, by the California Department of Finance was 38,292,687. Its largest Cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Long Beach, Fresno, Sacramento and Oakland. The Area of California is measured to be 155,959 Square Miles (403,934 sq km). The Highest Point of this state is  ‘Mount Whitney’ with an Altitude of 14,494 feet (4,418 m), and  its Lowest Point is  ‘Death Valley’ at 282 feet (-86 m). In the 1500s California was one of the most diverse regions for Native American in the United States with around 70 Independent Tribes previous to the influx of people from other diverse areas. Los Angeles is California’s most Populous Metropolitan area and is the Second Largest Urban area in the United States also. in 1984 the National Council for Geographic Education & the Association of American Geographers formed the Five Themes of Geography, California has been considered officially since the 1970 Census as the most densely populated state in the United States, exceeding the population of the New York State that is estimated to be 18,237,000.

The Illicit Migration is a Vital Issue,  that is estimated to be around 7.3% of the Residents,  which were transferred as Illegal Immigrants according to the Stats of 2010. California has varied Geography that includes mountain ranges like the Sierra Nevada, which run south to north along the eastern border of the state, and the Tehacha0pi Mountains in Southern California.The State  of California is highly enriched with Marvelous and most Famous Valleys like the ‘Central Valley’ that is extremely Fecund in specific,  for Agricultural Productivity. The Wine-Growing Napa Valley is another Eye Catching View which adds extra Natural Magnificence to this state . Most of California’s climate is considered Mediterranean, with warm to hot dry Summers, but mild and gentle damp Winters. The Cities that are located closer to the Pacific Coast, experience a nautical average temperature with chilly and misty summers, whereas the Central Valley and other inland positions can become intensely hot in the summer time. However, the temperature Fluctuates in different areas like, in San Francisco’s the average high temperature in Midsummer touches 68°F 20°C while Sacramento’s ranges from 90°F  to 94°F, (34°C).The land of California is also blessed with Elegant and Vast  Desert Regions like the Death Valley with very cold environment in the higher mountain areas, moreover the state is highly active Geologically for the reason of its location that is within the Pacific Ring of Fire. Many large slip areas such as the San Andreas run throughout the state making a huge portion of it that includes Los Angeles and San Francisco municipal areas highly prone to Earth Quakes.

A portion of the Volcanic Cascade Mountain Range also extends into Northern California. The  Mount Shasta,  and Mount Lassen are the most Active Volcanoes in the area. The state of California is highly vulnerable against Natural Calamities, like Droughts, Wild fire, Landslides & Flooding. The Economy of California generates at least 13% of its (GDP), Gross Domestic Product, for the entire United States. Computers, and Electronic Products are the main features for California’s Largest Exports, while Tourism, Agriculture and other Manufacturing Industries are another Vast source of nourishment,  which contributes to a greater extent of the State’s Economy.


A Flute Player in Love with Heer

The Flute Player Played Mystic Tunes of Perpetual

Bliss, Heer & Ranjha fell in Love, but then they were

 Brazen out with Fatal Perils.


I said Heer, nothing happened, then I said  Ranjha, but it did not make any sense  either, but when I said Heer Ranjha, the entire world Fizzed Up, and Unveiled the Mystic Mysteries of the Ceaseless Love. In the fusion of the names Heer Ranjha is a marvelous confirmation of the transparency of their immaculate passions. Their names how beautifully blend together, Heer Ranjha, but why Heer Ranjha met such a Tragic End?…Only because they were in Love?… Yes, only because they were in Love… and that’s enough reason for the Decadents to carry out their Odium’s… Oh!…. what Brutal People exists in this world, they even failed to realize, that Heer Ranjha exclusively Personified to Blend and Merge into each other….Yet’ People…the cruel people, who don’t believe in Sacred Relations, were all prepared to tear them apart.

But, that’s the way, it has always been……..


aisha200bc, narrates the Love Story of ‘Heer Ranjha’

Ranjha was the most pampered amongst the 5 brother, he was the youngest and very much spoilt, a carefree youth who use to play exquisite and charming tunes on his flute. Ranjha’s four elder brothers were Merchants, in the fertile lands of Punjab, where the 5 rivers meet. The River Sutlej, Jhelum, Ravi, Chenab and Bias. The name of this province describes beautifully the convention of  five rivers ‘Punjh’ means five, (5) and’ Ab’ means ‘Water’. One day Ranjha picked up a Quarrel over nothing with his brothers, their argument heated and he left his home. Angry Ranjha, took nothing with him except his Flute, and travelled to a Village, quiet far from his own. That village was beautiful, lush green, but Ranjha was tired as he traveled on foot for such a long distance, suddenly his eyes fell over a Tree, a Fabulous Tree, loaded with Dark Red and Bright Yellow Flowers, when Ranjha looked at the Tree he felt as if fire has engulfed the whole tree, Ranjha melted with deep sentiments and walked heedlessly towards the tree. He sat under the shade of Red and Yellow Flowers reclining his back on the trunk of the tree. After a while Ranjha felt relaxed, and started playing one of his favorite tunes on his Flute, with his eyes closed.

  A little far away there was a well where Heer came often, with her Clay Pitcher to fill water.  Heer was the daughter of a Wealthy Farmer. That day when she came to fill her pitcher she heard to the sound of the lovely melody played on a flute, she looked in amazement here and there, and then, all of a sudden she looked towards the Tree where Ranjha was sitting with his eyes closed playing the Lute. Heer couldn’t stop herself and swayed towards Ranjha, “Who are you? You play beautiful Flute” she asked in a low tone, Ranjha opened his eyes as he heard  the loveliest melody in Heer’s Voice, it was so soothing to his soul. The melody in Heer’s Voice and the passionate tunes of Ranjha’s Flute still jingles in the Green Coppices of Punjab. When Ranjha looked at Heer he was spell bound, couldn’t say anything, mesmerized by her Beauty. And then as soon as their eyes met, they fell in Fathomless Love, not a word they had to say to each other, love needs no words or means it can be well textured. Heer and Ranjha started meeting every day for a short while and Ranjha paved his blazing emotions into Heer’s heart by playing compelling tunes with his flute. Heer had an Uncle called ‘Kedo’, but he was a not a virtuous but a covetous man, and soon discovered the secret love between Heer Ranjha. Kedo was burning inside and was determined to make hazards in their way, he could not bear to see Heer Ranjha together and influenced Heer’s father to get her married to the Wealthiest man in the whole village, and the father agreed. The unfortunate Heer couldn’t even raise her voice in front of her father; although her emotions were shattered she went Silent in Sorrow.

On the other side Ranjha wept blood day, and night but was unable to say anything either as he was Alone and Penniless. The date of Heer’s Marriage got fixed, but only a day before the marriage the wealthy man found the secret of Heer Ranjha’s love, he was a Generous and Wise man, he knew that Heer would never be able to love him as she was so deeply in love with Ranjha, and therefore, he announced to Call off his Marriage with Heer and permitted her whole heartedly to marry Ranjha. Bur when this news reached Heer’s Uncle Kedo, the iniquitous planned another Vicious and Conniving plot, he came to Heer on her Wedding Night just before Ranjha came. Uncle Kedo offered Heer to eat a piece of Sweet from the Silver Tray that he brought for her as a Wedding Ritual, and poor Heer was so Innocent she forgot the evilness of her uncle and picked up a piece of a sweet from the silver tray, and when her uncle left she took a bite, Deadly Poison was in the sweet piece and Heer Died on the spot. When Ranjha walked in the room to meet his Lovely Bride, she was gone. Ranjha was consumed with such Great Grief,  that he ate the remaining piece of the Sweet that was lying next to Heer, he knew it was filled with Poison, and from there took a flight together with his Bride forever.

And, that’s the way, it has always been……..


Abd Al Rahman Muhammad Ibn-e- Khaldun

Abd Al Rahman Muhammad Ibn-e- Khaldun

uhammad Ibn-e- Khaldun, was one of the most Distinguished and Noteworthy Scholar of the Islamic Culture during its Twilight Zone. Ibn Khaldun is generally regarded as a Great Historian, Sociologist and a Philosopher. He was born in Tunis on May 27th in the Year 1332, AD, Ibn- Khaldun was a decedent from an Arab Family of Hadramawt, he completed his educational career at the age of 20, and he then spent some 23 years in Political Adventures. He was rated among the Top Scholars’ Ibn- Khaldun w as highly regarded as a Mentor who taught for 31 Years which includes his services at the University of Al Azhar at Cairo, Egypt. Muhammad Ibn Khaldun also retained the position as a Magistrate and also served at the Court of the Sultan of Granada. He gave Precious Analysis through his Doctrines and was considered to be an authority on initiating the concept of Allied Disciplines he was  an Ardent Desire to see the Revival of the Declining Islamic Civilization. Among his CompilationsKitab Al- Ibar (Universal History) is an imperative involvement. Nevertheless the main and highly Significant Works of Universal Value by Muhammad Ibn Khaldun is the ‘Mukadima’. This significant Book is an introduction to the Historian Crafts and it is acknowledge as the starting point and a concrete structure of several avenues of research leading to the path of Philosophy of History, Sociology, Economics and Allied Disciplines. According to Muhammad Ibn Khaldun History Includes the whole of Human Past including its Social, Economic and Cultural Aspects, therefore this particular Work ‘under the Title of ‘Mukadima’ is extensively Advantageous, and Helpful for further Analysis on countless matters. Abd Al Rahman Muhammad Ibn- Khaldun remained involved in his thesis, for collecting precious material for generation to come, and benefit from. Abd Al Rahman Muhammad Ibn-e- Khaldun finally departed in the year 1406 A.D at the age of 74.


Choroo Rhyny doo

Choroo Rhyny doo

 Choroo Rhyny doo, Abh Bhala Kaun Daiky Khab’h

Abh Kaha’n kse kae Khab’h Sharminda-e-Tabeer hoe

Iss Sheray Jana’h mae Sab Basafa Mitt gae

Bae Wajha, Baekarr, Waqt ka Zia’n –Chooro Rhyny doo

Ahnee Kalaejoo’n mae, Teer abh bhi  Paiwasta

Neem Barhaina Jism Hajatae Pairahan sae Raiza Raiza

Path’raee  hoe Ankhoo sae abh Bhala Kaun Daikhy Khab’h

Choroo Rhyny doo,  Abh Bhala Kaun Daiky Khab’h

Mauhtsabo’n ke Kilwat mae Karay Jaha’n Daraz hain

Zard Ahoo’n sae Shikasta Purza… Purza

 Bae Nisha’n Cheray Kab kse ko Yadh hain

Haq ka Sood’h hai kae Charhta he Chala Jata  hai

Phir bhi Hamnawa,  Haq Dar ke,  Khalee he Rahi Oakh,

HaqNa Haq ho Chala—Phir bhala koi– kia daikhy Khab’h

Choroo Rhyny Doo————-




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