Evolution of Great Superstition’s

Evolution of Great Superstition’s

The Black Plague ( 1342,45, on wards)

 

The Greatest Catastrophe in the human history occurred sometimes in between the 13th and 14th century, it spread throughout the Mediterranean and Europe, and wiped off more than 60% of the population killing millions of people. The exact year and cause of this enigma still remains controversial and lacks reliable statistics. At the time when the Black Plague played havoc and the whole of Europe was in severe grip of this deadly contagious disease, people were tremendously sickened,  and dismayed to such great extent that whoever suggested any possible method, or technique to safe guard from the lethal virus, the victims would quickly adopt the methods. Among the treatments and remedies much superstition evolved. The aftermath of the plague created a series of religious, social and economic upheavals. Even the great healers had no perceptible rejoinder to the crisis because no one knew its cause, or how it spread. The mechanism of infection and transmission of diseases was little understood.  In the 14th century an English writer, Daniel Defoe related that in London during the Black Plague, Amulets with inscription, ‘ABRACADABRA’ were worn to keep away the disease. This Magician’s word ‘ ABRACADABRA’  is most likely derived from ancient  sorcerer’s spell which the historians traced from early Medieval Times.

Superstition’s & Remedies of Black Plague

 

A favorite method of Pope Clement THE SIXTH was to sit between two great fires.

Rubbing perfumes and scented oils over all the walls and furniture of household.

Killing all Swallows, as these birds were believed to carry the disease.

Writing the word ‘ Arsenic’ on a piece of parchment , or wearing it around the neck in lockets as there was firm believe that, Arsenic had plague repelling properties.

In Holland thousand of anti plague pipes were manufactured for smoking tobacco this idea may not have been entirely erroneous since the smoke kept away the plague bearing flies.

Breaking up the air with loud noises in order to dissolve the static vapors. And later in the seventeenth centaury this ritual was carried out during the out breaks of plague by shot offs of cannon’s and musketeers.

Washing body with goat’s urine. According to a contemporary expert the urine is highly preventive and in particular more effective when drunk.

Applying the entrails of a new born pigeon, or a young poppy on the forehead.

Placing a piece of warm bread on the mouth of a dying person in order to absorb the lethal vapors.

Drinking rd vine in which new steel had been cooled.

Spider webs were considered to absorb all noxious miasmas; therefore spiders were kept inside households.

Placing pigs near a dying person of plague so their smell would heal the person

Placing a dried toad over the plague boil, was a notion derived by the great medieval physician Paracelsus who suggested that ‘Toads which have been dried thoroughly in the air, or sun should be laid on the boil, that way it will swell and draw the poison out of plague victim through the skin itself and later when full should be replaced by a new one.

Standing close to latrines and inhaling the stench

Letting birds fly in the sickroom so they absorb the poison in the air and keep the vapors in circulation.

Blistering the thighs with burning herbs & surgical instruments and the wounds resulting were kept open by artificial means and fresh butter was rubbed in the hope that all toxins would drain with melting butter.  

By aisha20bc

PS: For comprehensive Review & Details about the Black Plague consult Wikepedia.

The Black Plaque (The Horrific Historic Event)

The Black Plaque

(The Horrific Historic Event)

One of the most Horrific Historic events that send chills even now was the Black Plaque. In 1347, when the Black Plague was raging through Europe, people were so immensely horrified that they were all prepared to find any possible remedy to secure themselves from the deadly disease that had already spread throughout Europe, and had killed thousands, yet, no probable cure was available. At such a time of distress when all medicinal treatments and other efforts failed, then people were much inclined towards superstations. People at large believed that it was an atrocious, and an appalling curse that afflicted them, because of their previous heedless acts, and the unforgivable sins. This notion was deeply and dreadfully rooted in the souls, and spirits of each being.

The citizen’s of Lubeck, Germany to appease the wrath of God descended on the Churches, and Monasteries with enormous amount of money, and riches. The Monks and Priests who were inside these monasteries were equally fearful of contamination, and therefore, rejected all the riches that were coming their way. They barred the gates of the monasteries and would not let the citizens to enter, however the persistent crowd kept throwing inside the walls of monasteries and churches the valuables in form of coins, gold, and precious gems and jewels. Since the monks and the priests were extremely frightened and terrified they refused to accept the valuables anticipating much dire consequences, and threw them back over the walls, this back-and-forth tossing continued for several hours and therefore, the clerics finely had to give up and allowed the valuables to remain inside the boundaries of the monasteries.

 Within few hours the riches piled up into 3 to 4 feet tall it is also a wide accepted notion that the riches remained untouched not only for several months, but for years. The fear of not touching the riches is a testament to the power of self preservation over greed, and self indulgence. The Black Plague left such an intense trauma on people in the following years that numerous anti-plagued remedies were prescribed and practiced throughout Europe in the fourteenth century.

 By aisha200bc

How Original is The Last Supper?


Controversial extremely Controversial

The Last Supper’

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, an Italian mastermind was born on April 15, 1452, in Florence. Leonardo Da Vinci a genius in myriad fields was among the top most creative personality who possessed superhuman intelligence. Da Vinci was a great Sculptor, Musician, Engineer, Scientist, Mathematician, Architect, Anatomist, Geologist, Botanist, Writer, and Cartographer and yes of course largely acknowledged as a Painter. The genius of Da Vinci is awe inspiring an artist of such high caliber has yet to be born again. Da Vinci perhaps more than any other figures that exemplified, and demonstrated the Renaissance humanist ideal in the most classic style. Leonardo has been measured, and often been described as the epitome or the essence of the Renaissance man. His insatiable curiosity, enthusiastically imaginative, and resourceful imagination is magnificent. Leonardo is broadly considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.

According to Marco Rosci, “that while there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of the world is essentially logical, rather than mysterious, and that the empirical methods he employed were unusual for his time”. Leonardo was educated in the studio of the prominent Florentine painter Verrocchio. Much of his earlier working life was spent in Milan. Later on, he worked in Venice, Rome, and Bologna; he spent his last years in France. Leonardo is renowned chiefly as a Painter. Among his works, the Mona Lisa is the most famous portrait and a charade in the world of arts, and The Last Supper is the most reproduced religious painting of all time.

The Last Supper

 

Leonardo Da Vinci’s painting ‘The Last Supper’ is perhaps the finest known examples of the High Renaissance Style, therefore, it is considered among the great Art Treasures of the world. Yet the painting as we know it today can in no way scrupulously be an original. Leonardo painted this masterpiece on the refectory wall of the monastery of Santa Maria delie Grazie, in Milan, between 1495 and1497. He worked at it in fits and starts, finally leaving it unfinished (the picture was largely unappreciated in its time). By 1517, the work had already been seriously damaged by environmental factors such as dust and dampness, and few years later the famous, and highly regarded Art Historian and a Painter Vasari referred to it as ‘merely mass of blots’. By the following century the monks who were also the inhabitants of the monastery lost all respect for the work, and broke a doorway through Christ’s legs. With the passage of time the painting continued to decay, in the year 1796, a Garrison of French Soldiers occupied the monastery and quartered their horses in the same area where the painting was. The French soldiers having no regard for the master piece whiled away their time taking target practice at Christ’s head.

 

 During the Second World War ‘The Last Supper’ was protected from bombing by piling sand bags around it. However, a bomb landed and exploded squarely on the monastery, demolishing, and de-structuring it badly. However, miraculously most of the area of the wall on which ‘The Last Supper’ was painted remained secured. Nevertheless, the previous abuse and the destruction more or less destroyed the painting. ‘The Last Supper’ that we see today is profoundly restored work, in which only the outlines, and few brush strokes are the originals by Leonardo Da Vinci. These outlines, and few brush strokes are good enough to define the Supreme work of the Maestro————Leonardo the Unforgettable

aisha200bc

PS: For Comprehensive Reading consult Wikipedia