ABU BAKR MUHAMMAD IBN -E- TUFAYL ‘Visualizer of Philosophical Romance’

ABU BAKR MUHAMMAD IBN -E- TUFAYL

‘Visualizer of Philosophical Romance’

Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn -e- Tufayl was a Spanish Muslim Scholar; he was a profound Philosopher and a Physician. Ibn –e- Tufayl is mostly acknowledged to the Medieval Christians Scholastics, as’ Abubacer.’ He was born in Guadix, a place near Granada, in the year 1110, AD. Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn –e- Tufayl after acquiring his primary education, was trained as a Physician. Ibn -e- Tufayl also remained, and retained a part of his career as a Government Functionary. He served as the Secretary to the Governors of Granada, and later to Ceuta, and Tangier in North Africa, somewhere around the year 1154 AD. By the end of his later life he remained as the Royal Court Physician to the Almohad Sultan Abu Yaqub Yusuf, the then Ruler of Marrakesh from 1163 to 1184 AD. However, It is Indeed a great Tragedy that Ibn –e- Tufayl’s most Precious Analysis, and Inscriptions could not be survived, except for his Widely Celebrated Allegorical Tale, ‘Risalat Havy Ibn –e- Taqzan’. This immaculate work was published around the year 1175. The English translation of this work, under the title of ‘The Improvement of Human Reason’ was released in the year 1708. A new revised version, of Ibn –e- Tufayl’s, ‘The History of Havy Ibn-e- Yaqzan’ was later once again published in the year 1929.

This particular compilation is a collection of ‘Philosophical Romance’ in which Ibn –e- Tufayl describes explicitly the Immeasurable possibilities of Human Intellect, the Power, and Strength of Human Intelligence to explore the intricacies of Nature’s Magnificence, and to be inspired by them. Ibn –e- Tufayl further elaborates in ‘Risalat Havy Ibn –e- Taqzan’ the amazing capabilities of Self-Education Gradual, and Perpetual Philosophical Developments, of a man who passed his Initial Fifty Years of Life in Absolute Isolation, on an Uninhabited Island. Through the character Ibn –e- Tufayl portrayed the Myriad Abilities for Paramount Achievements of Pleasure Attainment on individual bases. It has also been suggested that Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe whose works were published in 1719 was highly inspired by the philosophy of Ibn –e- Tufayl’s works that were translated in English in the year 1708. Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn -e- Tufayl also wrote a number of Medical Treatises in Arabic, and his research and practice as a Physician is deemed to be of Immense Value. Ibn –e- Tufayl, after contributing his greater part departed for his Final Journey in the year, 1185 AD, in Morocco.

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