Abu Al Wahid Muhammad Ibn Rushd (The Commentator)

Abu Al Wahid Muhammad Ibn Rushd
(The Commentator)

Abu Al Wahid Muhammad Ibn Rushd was a famous scholar in the Medieval West, highly esteemed and acknowledged as ‘Averroes’ (The Commentator). Abu Al Wahid Muhammad Ibn Rushd was an eminent, and a distinguished scholar whose studies are profound in Quranic and Natural Sciences. Abu Al Wahid, is also renowned as a Theologian and a Philosopher. He was born in Cordova, Spain in the year 1126 AD. Abu al Wahid studied Medicine under the tutelage of Abu Jafar Harun Al- Tajali, who was a notable and a well regarded Physician in Seville. Among the other works of Abu Al Wahid, his comprehensive learning’s on Medicine and Research were compiled and then published under the caption of ‘Al Kuliyat’ (The Compilation). Abu Al Wahid wrote these Theses between 1153, and 1169 AD. In this specific Book Ibn Rushd discussed elaborately the definitions of Science’s on Medicine in General. This particular and most famous Collection ‘Al- Kuliyat’ was later translated into Latin in the year 1255 AD. Between the period from 1169 and 1196, AD, Abu Al Wahid Ibn Rushd wrote commentaries and interpretations in extensive series on the works of Aristotle, Abu Al wahid also composed researched treatises on Metaphysics. Moreover his collections of compiled commentaries on Plato’s Politeia are also most outstanding. Abu Al Wahid’s Precious and Commendable services of inscribing commentaries, on the major works by Aristotle were extremely valued and for these commendable efforts he was awarded the Singular Title of ‘The Commentator’. The compilation by Ibn Rushd on Aristotle’s works were translated into Latin language almost after a Century ahead.A great number of Philosophers from The Renaissance were also highly inspired, and motivated by Abu Al Wahid Muhammad Ibn Rushd’s writings. The works of Ibn Rushd also aroused admiration of European Scholars however they also remained among those who , were of the same opinion regarding the Critical Observations by the other Theologians who saw Obscurities and Discrepancies on Religious Faith in Abu Al Wahid’s written works and his Ideologies.

Al Wahid Ibn Rushd also translated Aristotle’s book de ‘Anima’ (Of the Soul) However, Ibn Rushd fell into many controversies and faced charges by the Caliph Almohade Abu Yaqubwho at a time also disapproved his ideologies, and also other theologians agitated against his writings consequently, Ibn Rushd was accused on charges of deviation, and therefore was Cross-Examined at many occasions. Abu Al Rushd confronted Intense Retaliation by the Caliph Almohade Abu Yaqub and moreover, his Major Works were destroyed on the orders of the Caliph Almohade, only with the exception of his valuable collection on Medicine, Arithmetic’s and Elementary Astronomy. Al Wahid Ibn Rushd was highly Criticized, and Damned by the Senior Bishops of France, and Britain, for reasons similar to those that had caused his condemnation by the Orthodox Muslim’s in Spain. After extreme opposition Abu Al Rushd was then Exiled to Lucena on the orders of the Caliph, a place near Cordoba for some considerable period. However, Ibn Al Rushed was later released, and he returned around the 13th Century back to Marakesh. The renowned Philosopher, Ibn- Rushd also served as the Chief Qaadi, (The Judge) in Sevilla and remained in the office for nearly 9 years. After such Enormous and Precious contributions in the fields of Medicine, Theology and moreover, his most significant efforts in the Compilations and Analysis on Aristotle’s work, the great Scholar and Philosopher, Abu Al Wahid Muhammad, Ibn Rushd mostly renowned as ‘The Commentator’ died in the year 1198 AD, at the age of Seventy Two (72).



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