Al Hassan Ibn Al- Haytham

A Muslim Scholar on Optical Functions.

Al Hasan Ibn Al- Haytham, a pioneer in scientific studies who discovered for the first time in the history of sciences the Mechanism of Optical Functions and its Co-ordination with Light Effects. He was a man of immense knowledge in the fields of Astronomy, Mathematics and Physics. He was a Famous Physician, known in the West as Alhazen, his intellectual powers are considered to be of extra ordinary significance. Al Hassan Ibn Al Haytham was a mastermind with an aptitude to fathom 20th century knowledge, who was born much before his time in the 10th century World.Al Hassan, Ibn Haytham, was born in Basra, in the year 965 AD. He commenced his primary educated from Basra and then moved to Baghdad, Iraq, for progressive knowledge, later on he moved to Cairo, Egypt, to meet other many intellectuals in order to share his views and also to gain more information for his research purposes. In earlier times Egypt was considered to be the ‘Hub of Islamic World’, and a great Center of Knowledge. Al Hasan Ibn- Haytham was a Scholar of great merit whose contributions in the field of medicine are chief. He broadcast his investigations on the Anatomy of the Eye by drawing illustrations and unveiled the phenomenon of the expansion of flat surfaces. Al Hassan further explained in detail the ‘Mechanism of Reflection’ and ‘Expansion of the Eye Cornea’. The details of his research are included in his critical compilation under the title of ‘Kitab Fil Manazir’, (The Book on Optics). This essential assemblage of Al Hassan was later translated into Latin, and then published in Basle, in the year 1572 AD, under the title of ‘THESAURUS OPTICUS.’ In this work Al Hassan explained with the help of the illustrations, the functions of reflection of light in accordance to the ‘Anatomy of Eye’. Further on, he also explained and elaborated explicitly concerning the process of formation of ‘Visuals’ on the ‘Cornea’.

His theories were based on the principles of collection of light rays that results in accumulation and formation of colors. So far among his works around 44 Treatises on Philosophy, Geometry, Astronomy and also most noteworthy technicalities on the ‘Anatomy of the Eye’, and its functions have been identified. His most vital inscription ‘Optical Thesaurus’ helped in forming the basis of the optical works by Roger Bacon, who in his pioneer and foremost works included and based his thesis on optics by Al Hassan that seemed to have also influenced Leonardo da Vinci, in his master piece ‘Mona Lisa’. Moreover, Johann Kepler and Sir Isaac Newton were among the ‘Great Scholars’ who utilized Al Hassan’s theories in their collective efforts too. The ‘Fatimid Caliph Al- Hakam’, was mainly electrified, and found Al Hassan to be a Super Genius Scholar, subsequently he was graciously, invited and encouraged by the ‘Caliph Al- Hakam’, who facilitated and provided extra means for his further researches. Al Hasan Ibn Al- Haytham, after contributing immense & significant knowledge for generations to come and benefit from, died in Cairo, Egypt, in the year 1039 AD.

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