Al Hassan Ibn Al- Haytham

A Muslim Scholar on Optical Functions.

Al Hasan Ibn Al- Haytham, a pioneer in scientific studies who discovered for the first time in the history of sciences the Mechanism of Optical Functions and its Co-ordination with Light Effects. He was a man of immense knowledge in the fields of Astronomy, Mathematics and Physics. He was a Famous Physician, known in the West as Alhazen, his intellectual powers are considered to be of extra ordinary significance. Al Hassan Ibn Al Haytham was a mastermind with an aptitude to fathom 20th century knowledge, who was born much before his time in the 10th century World.Al Hassan, Ibn Haytham, was born in Basra, in the year 965 AD. He commenced his primary educated from Basra and then moved to Baghdad, Iraq, for progressive knowledge, later on he moved to Cairo, Egypt, to meet other many intellectuals in order to share his views and also to gain more information for his research purposes. In earlier times Egypt was considered to be the ‘Hub of Islamic World’, and a great Center of Knowledge. Al Hasan Ibn- Haytham was a Scholar of great merit whose contributions in the field of medicine are chief. He broadcast his investigations on the Anatomy of the Eye by drawing illustrations and unveiled the phenomenon of the expansion of flat surfaces. Al Hassan further explained in detail the ‘Mechanism of Reflection’ and ‘Expansion of the Eye Cornea’. The details of his research are included in his critical compilation under the title of ‘Kitab Fil Manazir’, (The Book on Optics). This essential assemblage of Al Hassan was later translated into Latin, and then published in Basle, in the year 1572 AD, under the title of ‘THESAURUS OPTICUS.’ In this work Al Hassan explained with the help of the illustrations, the functions of reflection of light in accordance to the ‘Anatomy of Eye’. Further on, he also explained and elaborated explicitly concerning the process of formation of ‘Visuals’ on the ‘Cornea’.

His theories were based on the principles of collection of light rays that results in accumulation and formation of colors. So far among his works around 44 Treatises on Philosophy, Geometry, Astronomy and also most noteworthy technicalities on the ‘Anatomy of the Eye’, and its functions have been identified. His most vital inscription ‘Optical Thesaurus’ helped in forming the basis of the optical works by Roger Bacon, who in his pioneer and foremost works included and based his thesis on optics by Al Hassan that seemed to have also influenced Leonardo da Vinci, in his master piece ‘Mona Lisa’. Moreover, Johann Kepler and Sir Isaac Newton were among the ‘Great Scholars’ who utilized Al Hassan’s theories in their collective efforts too. The ‘Fatimid Caliph Al- Hakam’, was mainly electrified, and found Al Hassan to be a Super Genius Scholar, subsequently he was graciously, invited and encouraged by the ‘Caliph Al- Hakam’, who facilitated and provided extra means for his further researches. Al Hasan Ibn Al- Haytham, after contributing immense & significant knowledge for generations to come and benefit from, died in Cairo, Egypt, in the year 1039 AD.


Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni

Abu Rayhan Al- Biruni
( A Scholar Who Extracted Salt from the Sea’s)

Abu Rayhan Al- Biruni was a Muslim Scholar who’s most significant among his other inventions is the Method to Extract Salt from the Seas.
Al- Biruni in the history of innovative sciences is acknowledged as an asset, he is listed as one of the most famous Scholar who invented the Method to Extract Salt from the Seas. He was a versatile researcher, and his great works in Mathematics, Astrology, and Geography are highly noteworthy, Al Biruni was exceedingly famed as a Historian also, and his immense interpretations of Religion Islam are considered to be among his great achievements in the middle ages. He was born in the Suburbs of Kat, Khwarizm (now a segment of Uzbekistan) on Sept 4, 973, A.D. Al Biruni initiated his basic education from Khwarizm, and later acquired a fine reputation as a super scholar. He was honorably assigned as the Chief Historian at the Court of Mahmud of Ghazni, and later served for the Heir Apparent Masud Al Ghazni. Among most of his critical contributions his invention for the measurements of the ‘Radius’ is certainly Nobel, this method is well known as ‘Biruni Method’. Al- Biruni further discussed comprehensively regarding the ‘Rotation of the Earth’ on its ‘Axis’, with accurately measured Latitudes, and Longitudes. The details of his Thesis are further elaborated in his famous compilation’s which are a source of great knowledge for further developments in the field of Cosmology and also his deep observation concerning the movement of Planet Earth on its Axis;.
He worked enormously on the Tables of ‘Sine &Tangent’ and thus invented an innovative method to Measure ‘Generic Weight’ for ‘Nine Metals’. He traveled extensively for the quest of knowledge to different parts of the world. Abu Rayhan Al- Biruni’s immaculate understanding of Intricate Features for looking into ‘Cosmology’ are doubtlessly impressive, and exceedingly of the essence. He also discovered the Nature of ‘Liquid Pressures’ with an excellent strategy to ‘Extract’ the Salt from the ‘Sea’s’ which was later applied successfully by other men of knowledge.

Al Biruni’s most famous works include his imperative compilation under the caption of ‘Qanun- Al- Masudi’ which is structured upon his ‘Astronomical Observations’. Al Biruni’s works are extensive and can be well considered as a whole ‘Astronomical Encyclopedia’. Another Compendium of concise but significant and penetrating information about the ‘Intellectual’ and ‘Socio-Economic Conditions’ in the Sub- Continent which is a compilation called ‘Tahqiq Al Hind’ is a source of vast knowledge which contains deep penetrating inclusive data. His numerous works and studies in the fields of Geography, History, Astronomy, Mathematics and, Pharmacy add to his credits.moreover, Al Biruni was a scholar with an immaculate sense of looking into complex matters ,he devoted more than forty long years of his intellectual life, while contributing precious and valuable data in wide-ranging fields of ‘Science and Arts’ for the coming generations and finally died at the age of 75 in the year 1048 AD.


Mirza Ghalib Hypnotizes

Below is the first Couplet from Mirza Ghalib’s Dewan.

“Naqsh Farya’dee hai kis kee Shokhee-ae- Tahreer ka
Kagh’zee hai Pai’rahan har Pai’ka’rae Tasweer ka”
(Mirza Ghalib)

Regarding the above mentioned couplet by Mirza Ghalib, from what I understand is that in the first line the poet extends a question in Despair to the Divine, after observing the most tragic picture of life. The poet seems to be touched by the Tragedies and Mysteries of human existence. Mirza Ghalib’s peculiar subtlety and styles over all are highly acknowledged, The first line of the above mentioned couplet seemingly is a question that depicts sarcasm in the poet’s voice regarding the creation of the Universe. The second line can be considered as a concluded statement where the poet decides each existence loaded with acute agonies and yet is fatal . It is also to be noticed, that in earlier times, people who were convicted and were sentenced to Death, were made to wear clothes made of Paper, “Kaghzee hai Pai’rahan” (Apparel of Paper). Ghalib was a poet of Tremendous Caliber and since he used mostly Persian words in this Particular Couplet and Grammatically Persian is highly a rich language, therefore, some Specific Words or Phrase’s contain vast and deep meanings, and also the Skills of Expressions therefor to comprehend the meanings might not be more Difficult respectively, than to Translate the exact or accurate meanings. I have observed quiet often that some of the works of Ghalib like many more other famous poets have been highly Mis-Interpreted, this is totally my Personal Assumption, However, I find the works of Mirza Ghalib good enough for Hypnotizing Purposes.


A Song (Let me Play)

Let me Play

Let me Play—- Let me Delay
Let me Roll my Fingers— in your Hair.

Let me Smile—- Let me Cry
Let me Look—- Deep in your Eyes.

It will be Me—-Who will be your Shadow,
For you I will Travel— Miles, and Meadows ,
Its the Curve of your Lips–And the Angle of your Eyes
Let me Hold you—– Close by my Side
Oh Yes!—- For You—- I Can Die.

Let me Play—- Let me Delay

Let me Love—- Let me Try
Let my Whims—Let my Views Fly
Like the Twinkle——- in your Eyes.

Let me Melt—- Just as you Felt
Deep in your Blood—– Tonight

Let me Play—- Let me ………..


Abdul Qasim Khaleef, Ibn, al-Zahrawi (Father of Modern Surgery)

Father of Modern Surgery

Abdul Qasim Khaleef – Ibn, al-Zahrawi, known in Europe as Albu-Casis, he was among those Muslim Scientists, who gave new dimensions in Therapeutic Sciences. Abdul Qasim was born in the city of El-Zahra, some six miles northwest of Cordoba, Andalusia. He was a descendant from a famous Arab Tribe, known as the ‘Ansar’, settled in earlier Spain. He lived most of his life in Córdoba. Ibn al-Zahrawi is acknowledged as one of the greatest Medieval Pioneers of Surgical Procedures, who emerged from the Islamic World. In the modern world he is acknowledged as the ‘Father of Modern Surgery’. Albu-Casis, laid the foundations of Modern Surgery, and spent his absolute life working as a ‘Practicing Physician’ and Pharmacist-Surgeon. His Nobel hand outs in the segments of Theology, and Organic Sciences are enormous too. He was specifically selected,  and appointed to serve as the ‘Court Physician’ for the ‘Spanish Caliph, Al-Hakam the 2nd’. Al Zahrawi was widely known and respected as the best Physician-Surgeon of all times; he was the first to involve Surgical Removal of a broken Patella (kneecap), and devised new Obstetrical Forceps. He also gave Original and Accurate  descriptions for Manufacturing and Utilizing strategies via Probes, Surgical Knives, Scalpel’s,  and Hook’s of different Shapes and Designs. Ibn al-Zahrawi recommended, and suggested several types of Threads and Catguts as Sutures.

After contributing Fifty (50) immense Precious Years of committed excellence in the fields of ‘Medicine & Surgical Innovations’, he established a name Everlasting. Khaleef Ibn al-Zahrawi compiled his Hypothesis under the caption of “Tasrif Li-Man Aijaza-Anal Talif”; this work was finally completed in 1000, AD, and later was translated and published in many different languages, which included  Specifically ‘European Languages’, for further enhancement and developments in, ‘Modern Western, Surgical Methods’. His comprehensive medical researches  shaped both Islamic and European Surgical Procedure’s until the Renaissance. Abū al-Qāsim focused on ‘Curative Ailments’ by ‘Cauterization’, he invented numerous ‘Surgical Instruments’, and ‘Tools’ for the usage of ‘Surgical Treatments‘. Abdul Qasim Khaleef made Vital Analysis for the inspection of the interiors of the Urethra, the implication and Removal of Foreign Bodie’s from the Throat Section, Ears, and Nose. Al Qasim was chiefly accredited to be the Pioneer, who explained in  detail  a Fatal Affliction, called the Ectopic Pregnancy, in the year 963 A.D.

Another Massive contribution by Abdul Qasim Khaleef to the World of Sciences was his profound works, known as the ‘Kitab – al-Tasrif’, It is a ‘Medical Encyclopedia’ broadly structured in over ’30 Volumes’ which includes sections on Surgery, Medicine, Pharmacology,Basic Health, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics and Nutrition. This  imperitive compilation by Abdul Qasim Khaleef Ibn al-Zahrawi is suggested to be the first, and the foremost Rational and Practical information. In addition, this work was much Enhanced, and Elaborated with Illustrations of the treatments for Ease of Comprehension of the subjects under observation. This Illustrious Comprehensive works by, Ibn al-Zahrawi is an immense source of knowledge that remained Mainly Popular, and most advantageous among the students of Surgery in Europe, till the 19th Century. The Vital contributions and investigations on delicate features of Surgical Arts by Al-Zahrawi reflect his Dominating Intellect to serve humanity for ages to come. However, the details of his Personal Life could not be recorded authentically, besides his published works, for the reason of Great destruction’s of El-Zahra, in the later Castilian-Andalusian discrepancies. Nevertheless, he is most apparent and dominating in the wide inscriptions of Abu Muhammad bin Hazm (993 – 1064).  He was also enlisted as the Greatest Physicians, of Moorish Spain, by Muhammad bin Hazm. After presenting the world with Golden Awareness’s and Precious Knowledge, Abdul Qasim Khaleef, Ibn al-Zahrawi, concluded his Departure, at the age of Seventy Seven (77), in the year 1013 AD.


Muhammad bin Musa al-Khwarizmi (Mathematician of Vital Caliber)

A Mathematician of Vital Caliber

Muhammad bin Musa al-Khwarizmi, was born in 780 A.D, in a Persian Family and his Birth Place is supposedly as  Chorasmia, however, quiet brief,  but significant particulars of Al-Khwarizmi’s Personal Life are known with assurance. Musa al-Khwarizmi, was a Versatile Genius, he made exceptional Seminal Contributions in the fields of Mathematics, Astronomy, Geography and History. His Compendious Book on ‘Calculation by Completion and Balancing’ gives an explicit explanation of the Fundamental Systematic Solutions of Linear and Quadratic Equations. Bin Musa, travelled to Baghdad and made his marks through his Great Achievements there also, he was measured to be one of the most Prominent, and Outstandingly Acknowledged as a Scientist, and a Scholar. Later on, he became the person in charge of Baytal- Hikma (The House of Wisdom) that was established by the Caliph Al -Mammon.

Bin Musa concluded In-eradicable and extremely Significant Inscriptions in Mathematical History of the World. Some sources reflects  the Magnitude of Al-Khwarizmi’s contributions in Mathematics as Chief Tributes. Multiple Controversies were attached to the Origin of his Name that are  linked with the word ‘Algebra’ in one form of language or the other. The word Algebra is also closely related to his controversial name Al-Jabr, one of the two operations that he used to solve Quadratic Equations. Algorism and Algorithm stems from Algorithmi, however, his genius cannot be denied for his contributions were Magnum in Basic Elementary Methods that he invented in varied Fields of Sciences. In Renaissance Europe he was considered as  the Original Inventor of Algebra. Al- Khwarizmi, was the Founder of Analytical Algebra also, he was the first Muslim Scientist and a  Mathematician who worked on Intricate Features of this Precious  Knowledge.

His famous Treatise ‘Hisab-al-Jabar, Wa-al-Mugablah’ brought forth extremely precious information to the New Sciences. It was Musa al-Khwarizmi who invented the term Logarithm in relation to numbers; he significantly classified Numeric’s into Three (3) Different Types, and their Operations into Six (6).  This most important system that he originated was later adopted in Europe at the end of the 16th Century. Bin Musa’s Astronomical Zij (Table), and Trigonometric Tables, with ‘ Sine and Tangents’ that became the Principles for further studies and researches by his Successors. Initially the works of his Genius were compiled, and then translated into Latin, and English Language’s. In the Twelfth (12th) century, Latin Translations of his work on the Numerals, established the Decimal Positional Number System to the Western World. in the mean while he also exercised Authoritative Influence on the Developments of the Medieval Trends and Inclinations. Muhammad bin Musa al-Khwarizmi, contributed enormously,  Magnificent and Exceedingly Valuable and Functional Theories, and Stratagems. Musa al-Khwarizmi, a Mathematician of Vital Caliber finally departed in the year 850, AD, Leaving behind Achievements Beyond Description.


Hamdard Foundation (WAQF Pakistan)

The Year was 1906,  and the Event Aristocratic

Hakeem Muhammad Saeed was a Renowned Scholar, and Philanthropist of ‘Pakistan’ born on the 9th of January in the year 1920, he retained the post of ‘Governor of Sindh, Pakistan’. However, the Perception of the preliminary idea to ascertain an institute based entirely on humanitarian grounds was a magnificent proceeding and the Brain Child of Hakeem Abdul Majeed, father of Hakeem Muhammad Saeed. The ardent desire of Hakeem Muhammad Majeed was to carve a way that will serve humanity, since his Philanthropic Aspirations were Genuine, and he remained most keen and enthusiastic about his Majestic  Attempts he therefore, in 1906, along with his elder son Hakeem Abdul Hameed, who supported his father’s ambition with equal fervor placed the rudiments of Hamdard Dawakhana. This Aristocratic Event is recorded in the history as one the most Significant Events of the 20th Century. The basic structure of Hamdard Foundation (WAQF Pakistan) was intent upon enhancing the Herbal Harmonization System. Subsequently the venture started to flourish slowly but surely. Hakeem Abdul Majeed was exceptionally delighted to start a voyage for which he anticipated a Glorious Path that will lead to Enlighten Generations ahead.

After the Categorization of Indopak, Hakeem Abdul Saeed the youngest son of Hakeem Abdul Majeed, gained access on behalf of his father, and elder brother and took over the succession of the Nobel venture Hamdard Foundation (WAQF Pakistan) most merrily. He then established a concrete structure of Hamdard Foundation (WAQF Pakistan) in the newly liberated Pakistan in1948. The most honorable Mr. Muhammad Hakeem Saeed during his whole life was extremely honored , for his ‘Grand’ and ‘Respectful’ personality along with the Nobel cause. He left with beautiful memories and will always be Cherished and Treasured in the hearts of the citizens of Pakistan. Hakeem Muhammad Saeed, devoted his entire life for developing, and expanding the organization. The era, in which the foundations of Hamdard Dawakhana were placed, the masses were deeply influenced or rather much inclined towards the ‘Allopathic Medicinal System’ of treatment, for the cure of different ailments Nevertheless, this trend and inclinations of the majorities were unable to agitate or discourage the indomitable endurance of Hakeem Muhammad Saeed. He was determined on the precept, that the cure and treatment through ‘Herbal Harmonization’ was much effectual, in comparison to the Allopathic Medicinal Treatment. Hakeem Saeed was unfaltering observant towards his dignified and noble intents, moreover, In spite of the then prevailing trends and the rapid movements colliding with his ideas, were toothless to sway the intensity, and vehemence of the magnanimous grounds towards which he was categorically alert.

Janab Hakeem Muhammad Saeed, was all focused and remained involved perpetually in modernizing Hamdard Foundation (WAQF Pakistan) into a massive organization, where the sum propose was to endow and render all of its services to serve humanity. He treated millions of patients from all over the world, till the time of his death in October 1998. In the year 1983, Muhammad Saeed established another massive concrete structure, under the title of ‘Madina –tul –Hikmat’ (City of Wisdom), which is now one of the most regarded and Globally Acknowledged University. He extended innovative dimension to Alternative Medicines recognized by the ‘World Health Organization’ (WHO). In recognition of his meritorious services, scholarly approach and grand achievements he was awarded ‘Nishan-e-Imtiaz’ by the Government of Pakistan in the year 2002.The multiple products manufactured by Hamdard Foundation (WAQF Pakistan) are exported globally, and are well recognized as a household item in the Sub Continent. Hakeem Muhammad Saeed was also a Versatile and a Resourceful Writer also, his works are extensive on different subjects amongst which the Herbal Research, and his works on Theology are most significant. He was a writer both in English and Urdu languages, he also worked on editing many researched  journals on Medicines and History of Islam. Hakeem Mohammad Saeed was a Patriot of highest degree. He was blessed by a Daughter, who is equally talented and highly educated, she remains mostly engrossed in sustaining and further developing the achievements of his late honorable father, and grandfather. Currently she is all engrossed and remains Indulgent in the Vital affairs of the Most Famous University— ‘Madina-tul-Hikmat’.  Hakim Saeed met his death most tragically, he was assassinated while present at the main Hamdard Foundation,(WAQF Pakistan) building in Karachi, on 17th October in the year 1998. The most Honorable, Hakeem Muhammad Saeed Dedicated long before his death, Hamdard Dawakhana ( WAQF Pakistan) for his Country.  

‘The Aristocrat Left Aristocratically’


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